Are family court orders enforceable on First Nation reserves?

Having provincial family court orders enforced on First Nation reserves is not simple. This is because First Nations fall under federal jurisdiction, according to the terms of the Indian Act of 1985. As a result, provincial court orders of any kind are not automatically enforceable.

With respect to family law, this includes custody and access orders obtained under the Children’s Law Reform Act, child and spousal support orders, restraining orders and orders for exclusive possession of the matrimonial home, as well as orders for the division of matrimonial property.

To learn more, read our FAQ on family court orders and First Nation reserves.

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